History of The Orange Order in Manchester


The present day world-wide Orange Institution has its roots in the Battle of the Diamond in 1795 in County Armagh. In Ireland the Orange Institution grew very quickly and by 1797 a Grand Lodge and July 12th parades had been established and this is, of course, still a tradition to this very day.  
Politically times in Ireland were unstable and in 1798 there was an Irish rebellion. Army regiments from England and Scotland were involved in putting down the rebellion. Because of their geographical location near to Ireland many of the English regiments were from the Lancashire area, and in particular the area around Manchester.
Soldiers on duty in Ireland came into contact with the Orange Institution and many appreciated its stand for Protestantism and loyalty to the crown. Soon soldiers, thought to be non-commissioned officers and privates, had formed Orange Lodges under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Ireland within their regiments.
The first regiment to bring back to England a Lodge Warrant was Colonel Stanley's regiment of Lancashire militia from Manchester in 1798 and they were LOL 220. The regiment was soon disbanded, but the Lodge was kept going and so became the first civilian Orange Lodge in England.
The following year, 1797, the Manchester and Salford Volunteers returned with LOL 1128 within its ranks. Regiments returning to England with Orange Lodge Warrants included Lord Wilton's Lancashire Volunteers, and Sir Watkin Williams Wynne's Ancient Britons. Soon Lodges were established in many of the Lancashire cotton towns around Manchester, for example, Ashton-under Lyne, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport and Wigan. All of these Lodges came under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Ireland.
The event that led to the establishment of initially a Grand County Lodge and then the Grand Lodge of England took place on July 12th 1807 when an Orange parade was attacked by Irish Roman Catholics after they had attended worship at Manchester Collegiate Church. This church is now Manchester Cathedral. The army was called in to help in bringing the fighting to a stop.
To English Orange eyes this may have been seen as their equivalent of the Battle of the Diamond, and it showed them that they needed to be better organised. This led to the formation of a Grand County Lodge in 1807 and in 1808 the first Grand Lodge of England sessions was held in the Star Hotel in Manchester.


English and Scots Soldiers in The 1798 Rebellion in Ireland
The Irish Rebellion of 1798




 Lord Wilton
Lord Winton


A view of Manchester in the late 1700's
A view of early industrial Manchester around the time The Orange Institution was formed.




Manchester Collegiate Church - now Manchester Cathedral
Manchester Collegiate Church where Orange Lodges where violently attacked


 Click to Download Orange History PDF

Click here to download a very informative 13 page document on The Orange Order in Manchester to read in your own time. 'Manchester Origins of The English Orange Order, by Frank Neal'*.


*This document is hosted on the Manchester Centre for Regional History website.












Related historical pages:

Sergeant Charles Brett - the cowardly killing of a Manchester Policeman

John Bradford, Manchester's Protestant Martyr - Brief introduction - NEW!
William John Austin - Notable Victorian Manchester Orangeman - NEW!
William Touchstone - Prominant Manchester Orangeman - NEW!
Reverend Thomas Dickinson - Grand Chaplain of the Grand Orange Lodge of England from 1905-1920. - NEW!

Signing of The Ulster Covenant in Manchester - 28th September 1912 - NEW!

The Earl of Roden - the leader whom our lodge is named after - COMING SOON

Colonel Samuel Taylor
- the first Grand Master of the Orange Order - COMING SOON


 Manchester Orange Regalia

and Photographs Appeal!

Do you have old photographs of Orange parades in Manchester or Lancashire? Or have you found old Orange Order regalia in your home? If you have, please get in touch as we would like to build up a collection of historical Orange Order Material for public benefit.

 Please Send Us Old Orange Regalia or Photographs that you have.










Manchester Orange

"The Protestant Religion and Liberties of England I will Maintain", 
William III, Prince of Orange

This Website is Maintained by members of Loyal Orange Lodge 184 of Manchester - Est. 1876.
It is our aim to share knowledge about Orange culture and heritage and to promote greater understanding of our institution to develop traditional Christian values through the Reformed Faith.

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