Manchester Orangemen in 1874

Edward Harper - Grand Master of The Orange Institution in 1874
Edward Harper
Grand Master of the Loyal Orange Institution of Great Britain in 1874

‘On Saturday, the anniversary of the crossing of the Boyne by William of Orange, in 1690, was celebrated in Manchester by a procession to Pomona of the Manchester and Salford branches of the Loyal Orange Institution of Great Britain.  The Orangemen mustered to a number exceeding 2,000 in Albert Square, whence they started in processional order for Pomona, being preceded by a carriage conveying the Most Worthy Grand Master of their Order (Mr Harper, London), the District Grand Chaplain, the Rev Dr Beddoes, and the district masters of several local lodges, including Mr John Tear, Manchester, Mr Ferguson, Liverpool, Mr Gilleland, Salford, and others.  The processionists wore the usual orange-coloured scarfs, some of which bore upon them a representation of William III on horseback, and among the banners which they carried were principally to be distinguished one representing Disraeli and several ‘angels’, and another, familiar in past processions, representing the late Lord Derby.  The procession reached Pomona in good order and without exciting the least hostility, and there a meeting was held, under the chairmanship of the M W G M Harper.
Rev Dr Beddoes (Rector of St Mary’s, Deansgate), who moved a resolution in support of the Public Worship Regulation Bill, said that the Evangelical clergy ought to rally round the Orangemen more than they had hitherto done, and predicted that if England was not aroused from her spiritual slumber and indifference to the Ritualistic movement, she would drift again to another ’90.
Brother Fielding seconded the resolution, amid some interruption caused by the entry of one of the bands playing the ‘Battle of the Boyne’; and Brother T Senior having supported the resolution, it was unanimously passed.
The next resolution on the printed programme was slightly altered before being submitted to the meeting.  It was expressive of satisfaction at the Conservative victory at last election, but also regretting that so many Conservative members had so soon forgotten the duty they owed to the Protestant party of this country, who laboured so hard to secure their triumph, and voted against Mr Newdegate’s Convents Bill.
Brother Kitchen, in seconding the resolution, said when a man promised that he would do certain things when he came into Parliament, and he did not conscientiously observe his promises, he was not worthy of support.  He never had the confidence in Mr Callender that many had.  He knew that the Orangemen and no others put him in his position, and he ought to support their principles.
Brother S Anderton said he never went twice to bed from the day of the dissolution till the day Messrs Birley and Callender were returned, but if they ran away from promises made he would never work for them again, though Sam Anderton would never be a renegade and join the Radicals.
The resolution was passed, and a vote of thanks to the Chairman, followed, by cheers for the Queen and Mr Disraeli, concluded the proceedings.
The Orangemen met again on Sunday afternoon, in Parker Street, Piccadilly, and walked in procession to St Mary’s Deansgate, where their anniversary sermon was preached by the Rev J Griffiths, rector of Merthyr Tydvil.  The sermon was a strong denunciation of ritualism, and abounded with expressions which excited the feelings of the audience, moving them frequently to smiles, occasionally to laughter, open and suppressed, and once at least to open applause.’

Brief biographies of the Manchester Conservative MP's:

(Report taken from ‘The Manchester Times’ 18 July 1874)
Hugh Birley (21 October 1817 – 7 September 1883) was a Conservative MP for Manchester. He was born in Blackburn and after his education at Winchester School, he went to India, where he became the head of Birley, Corrie and Company, East India merchants. On returning to England he became a partner in Birley and Company, cotton spinners and also in Charles Macintosh and Company, manufacturers of India rubber goods.   He was a strong supporter of the Church of England, and assisted in the building of a number of Anglican churches and schools in the Manchester area.
At the 1868 general election the representation of the Parliamentary Borough of Manchester was increased to three members of parliament. Birley was elected as the first Conservative MP for the town, alongside the two sitting Liberal Party members, Thomas Bazley and Jacob Bright. He retained his seat at the ensuing elections of 1874 and 1880.

William Romaine Callender (junior) (1825 – 22 January 1876) was a Conservative MP for Manchester.  He entered his father's business as a cotton spinner and merchant in Manchester, eventually taking charge. Apart from his business activities he was a strong supporter of the Manchester Athaneum, which was founded by wealthy businessmen for the education and recreation of the working classes. He was a prominent Freemason, and rose to be Deputy Grand Master of the Provincial Lodge of East Lancashire, and Grand Master of the Mark Masons of England.
He was elected as a member of the first Manchester School Board in 1870, and in 1874 as one of three MPs for the Parliamentary Borough of Manchester, defeating the Liberal MP, Jacob Bright. He was Chairman of the South-East Lancashire Conservative Association, and when Benjamin Disraeli and his wife visited Manchester on April 1st 1872 they were his guests and stayed at his Ashbourne House residence in Victoria Park in Stockport.
In November 1875 Callender fell ill after attending an Orange Order demonstration, and was advised to travel to the south coast to aid his recovery. However, he died of "rheumatic neuralgia", in January 1876, aged 51. He was buried at St. Johns Church, Heaton Mersey, on January 29. A marble bust of the late MP was unveiled at Manchester Town Hall in 1880.

The two Manchester Conservative MPs appear to have been unpopular with the Manchester Orangemen for their failure to support Charles Newdegate’s proposal for the inspection of convents.  Newdegate was a Conservative MP for North Warwickshire, who was strongly Protestant.

Manchester Orange

"The Protestant Religion and Liberties of England I will Maintain", 
William III, Prince of Orange

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